THE AHL UL - BAYT;
ETHICAL ROLE - MODELS

INTRODUCTION 15
SECTION ONE GENERAL ETHICS 18
MORAL CONDUCT 19
ILL-TEMPER 25
Morals between Rectitude and Deviation 26
Treatment of Ill-Temper 27
TRUTH 27
Achievements of Truth 28
Parts of Truth 29
UNTRUTH 29
Disadvantages of Untruth 30
Reasons of Untruth 30
Sorts of Untruth 31
First: False Swearing 31
Second: Perjury 31
Damages of False Swearing and Perjury 31
Third: Breach of Promise 32
Fourth: Mocking Untruth 33
Treatment of Untruth 33
Justifications of Untruth 33
CLEMENCY AND SUPPRESSION OF ANGER 34
ANGER 41
Incentives of Anger: 41
Damages of Anger 42
Anger between Praise and Censure 42
Treatment of Anger: 43
MODESTY 44
ARROGANCE 47
Disadvantages of Arrogance 50
Incentives of Arrogance 50
Levels of Arrogance 50
Sorts of Arrogance 51
Treatment of Arrogance 51
SATISFACTION 52
Advantages of Satisfaction 53
GREED 54
Disadvantages of Greed 55
Treatment of Greed 56
GENEROSITY 56
Advantages of Generosity 57
Fields of Generosity 58
Incentives of Generosity 59
ALTRUISM 59
STINGINESS 62
Disadvantages of Stinginess 63
Forms of Stinginess 63
Treatment of Stinginess: 63
CHASTITY 67
Reality of Chastity 68
The Sought Moderation 68
Advantages of Chastity 68
GLUTTONY 69
Disadvantages of Gluttony 69
Treatment of Gluttony 70
FAITHFULNESS AND BREACH 70
Advantages of Faithfulness and Disadvantages of Breach 71
Forms of Breach 72
FRATERNITY 72
Spiritual Fraternity 72
SECTARIANISM 76
Reality of Sectarianism 78
Calamities of Sectarianism 78
JUSTICE 79
Forms of Justice 79
(1) Man's justice towards God: 79
(2) Man's justice towards the society: 80
(3) Justice towards the dead: 80
(4) Justice of the rulers: 81
Advantages of Justice 81
INJUSTICE 84
Forms of Injustice 86
(1) Self-Wronging 86
(2) Injustice towards the Family 86
(3) Injustice towards the Relatives 86
(4) Injustice towards the Society 87
(5) Injustice of the Rulers 87
Bad Consequences of Injustice 89
Treatment of Injustice 90
SINCERITY 91
Virtue of Sincerity 92
Obstacles of Sincerity 92
How to Obtain Sincerity? 93
SHOWINESS 93
Categories of Showiness 95
1. Showiness of the Belief: 95
2. Showiness of Acts of Worship 95
3. Practical Showiness 95
4. Verbal Showiness 95
Incentives of Showiness 95
Some Facts 96
Disadvantages of Showiness 97
Treatment of Showiness 98
Practical Treatment of Showiness: 98
CONCEIT 99
Disadvantages of Conceit 100
Treatment of Conceit 100
CONVICTION 101
Qualities of People of Conviction 103
Ranks of Faith 103
Categories of Faith 103
1. Natural Faith: 103
Transient Faith: 104
Acquisitive Faith 104
PATIENCE 106
Categories of Patience 107
Steadfastness against Misfortunes and Calamities 107
Standing the Obedience and Perseverance against the Disobedience to God 109
Patience of the Graces 110
Advantages of Patience 111
How to Acquire Patience? 111
GRATITUDE 112
Categories of Gratitude 113
Virtue of Gratitude 114
How to Acquire Thankfulness? 116
TRUST IN GOD 117
Reality of Trust in God 119
Ranks of Trust in God 119
Advantages of Trust in God 120
How to Acquire Trust in God? 120
FEAR OF GOD 121
Fear between Ebb and Flow 123
Advantages of Fear 123
How to Feel Fearful? 125
Stories of the Fearful 125
HOPE FOR GOD 126
Warning against Despair 127
Vastness of God's Mercy and Pardon 127
Favorable Judgment about God 128
Intercession of the Prophet and the Imams for their Adherents 128
Calamities and Diseases Cancel the Believers' Sins 130
Reality of Hope 131
Purpose of Hope and Fear 131
DECEPTION 132
Forms of Deception 132
Worldly Deception 132
The Everlasting Law 134
Disadvantages of the Worldly Deception 136
Treatment of the Worldly Deception 137
Deception of Knowledge 140
Deception of Authority 141
Authority between Praise and Censure 142
Deception of Wealth 143
Wealth between Praise and Censure 143
Deception of Lineage 144
ENVY 146
Incentive of Envy 147
(1) Malignity: 147
(2) Enmity 147
(3) Competition 147
(4) Selfishness 147
(5) Contempt 147
Disadvantages of Envy 148
Treatment of Envy 148
BACKBITING 149
Disregard of Backbiting 150
Incentives of Backbiting 150
Disadvantages of Backbiting 151
Reasonable Grounds of Backbiting 152
Treatment of Backbiting 153
Penance of Backbiting 153
SLANDER 154
TALEBEARING 154
Incentives of Talebearing 155
Disadvantages of Talebearing 155
How to Deal with the Talebearer? 155
CALUMNY 156
OBSCENITY, REVILEMENT, AND DEFAMATION 157
Disadvantages of Obscenity 159
SARCASM 159
GOOD WORDING 160
INCONVENIENCES OF SINS 163
REPENTANCE 167
Reality of Repentance 167
Merits of Repentance 168
Obligation and Immediateness of Repentance 170
Repetition of Repentance 171
Courses of Repentance 173
Acceptance of Repentance 173
SELF-JUDGMENT AND SELF-CONTROL 174
Constitution of Self-Judgment 175
Seizure of Life's Opportunity 176
RIGHTEOUS DEED 179
OBEDIENCE AND GOD-FEARING 181
Reality of Obedience and God-Fearing 184
PERSEVERANCE ON PRINCIPLES 186
SECTION TWO RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS 195
PREFACE 197
THE DIVINE RIGHTS 198
1. Worship 198
2. Obedience 200
3. Thankfulness 200
4. Trust in God 201
RIGHTS OF THE PROPHET 201
1. Obedience to the Prophet: 202
2. Love for the Prophet 203
3. Blessing the Prophet 205
4. The Love for the Ahl ul-Bayt 208
RIGHTS OF THE IMAMS 212
1. Recognition of the Imams 213
2. Loyalty to the Imams 214
3. Obedience to the Imams 215
4. Fulfillment of the Khums 216
5. Kind Treatment to the Prophet's Descendants 218
6. Praising and Publicizing the Imams' Merits 218
7. Pilgrimage to the Imams' Shrine 221
RIGHTS OF SCHOLARS 223
Merits of Knowledge and Scholars 223
1. Regard of Scholars 225
2. Charity to Scholars 226
3. Compliance with Scholars 226
RIGHTS OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS 227
Rights of Students 228
RIGHTS OF PARENTS AND SONS 230
Rights of Parents 230
Filial Piety 231
Filial Impiety 235
Disadvantages of Filial Impiety 236
Rights of Sons 238
Wisdom of Discipline 240
The Child's First School 240
Course of Education 241
MATRIMONIAL RIGHTS 242
Merits of Marriage 242
1. Advantages of Marriage 243
2. Benefits of Marriage 243
3. Results of Marriage 243
Marital Happiness 244
The Ideal Husband 244
The Ideal Wife 245
Observance of Rights 246
Rights of Husbands 246
1. Obedience to Husbands 246
2. Compliance with Husbands 248
3. Observance of Husbands' honor 250
Rights of Wives 250
1. Disbursement 250
2. Good Companionship 251
3. Protection 252
False Rights 252
Removal of the Veil 253
Moral Defects 254
Physical Defects 255
Social Defects 256
Woman in Islam 261
Woman in the Ancient Ages 262
Woman in the Pre-Islamic Arab Society 264
Woman in the Modern Western Civilization 264
Woman's Liberation in Islam 265
Equality of the sexes 273
Distinction Between the Sexes 277
1. Maintenance 277
2. Man's Preference to Woman in Inheritance 279
3. Testimony 279
4. Polygamy 280
Justifications of Polygamy 281
Divorce in Islam 283
RIGHTS OF THE RELATIVES 286
Merits of the Relatives 286
Regard of Relatives 286
Disregard of the Relatives 288
RIGHTS OF FRIENDS 290
Merits of Friends 290
Reality of Friendship 290
Friends' Selection 292
The Ideal Friend 292
Standards of Love 293
Friendship between Ebb and Flow 294
Rights of Friends 295
1. Material Care 295
2. Moral Care 296
3. Excusation 296
Moderation with Friends 299
RIGHTS OF NEIGHBORHOOD 299
Cooperation and Mutual sympathy 299
Rights of Neighbors 301
RIGHTS OF THE ISLAMIC SOCIETY 301
Merits of the Islamic Society 301
Rights of the Islamic Society 303
1. Right of Life 303
2. Right of Dignity 304
3. Right of Freedom 306
A. Freedom of Religion 307
B. Civil Freedom 307
C. Freedom of Propagation of Islam 307
4. Right of Equality 308
Equality in Islam 308
5. Right of Knowledge 311
6. Right of Ownership 311
7. Right of Islamic Interests 312
A. Feeding and Watering the Believer 313
B. Clothing the Believer 313
C. Settling the Believer's Need 314
D. Gladdening the Believer 314
E. Visiting the Believer 315
OBLIGATIONS OF THE RULERS 315
Rights of Subjects against Rulers 316
(A) Justice: 316
(B) Righteousness 316
(C) Lenience 316
Aspects of Lenience 317
Results of Lenience 317
(D) Selection of the Retinue 318
(E) Settlement with the Officials 318
(F) Achievement of Social Happiness 318
Rulers' Rights against Subjects 318
(1) Obedience: 319
(2) Support 320
(3) Advice 320
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL NECESSITIES 320
Physical Rights 321
Mental Rights 321
(1) Self-education 321
(2) Well Intention 321
(3) Self-control 322
4. Self-Judgment 323
ENDNOTES 325