Q183: [Lottery] is a well-known game
in America and is the closest thing to [yanasib],
if it is not exactly the same. Is it permissible for a Muslim
to engage in the sale of lotteries with special machines with
the justification that it is rescuing (istinqadh) wealth
from the hands of the unbelievers?
A: If he is authorized by an established
company to offer and distribute them (lottery tickets) among non-Muslims,
then it is permitted and he should seize the wealth with the justification
of rescuing (istinqadh) it and not with the intent
of selling (the lottery tickets). Alternatively, the Muslim seller
takes it (money) in return for his relinquishment of his right
(over the lottery tickets), if he had any special right over them.
(MMS, p. 12, Q7)
Chess, Backgammon, Wrestling
Q184: What is the general rule for
an instrument to be prohibited and to be considered an instrument
of gambling. Is it making and adopting it (the instrument) for
gambling or is it its conventional usage? Is there a difference
between its being a convention for a particular society or its
being so universally?
A: The general rule is that it is made
for gambling and used for it, such that the term "gambling
instrument" can be applied to it. It is enough if it is
regarded as an instrument (for gambling) in one particular society.
(MMS, pp. 27-28, Q52)
Q185: (Is it permissible) to play chess
and backgammon without placing a bet?
A: It is not permissible to play them.
(FM, p. 436)
Q186: What is the ruling on playing
chess by using the customary pieces? Is the ruling any different
in the case where the game is played by computer which employs
symbols and shapes instead of the customary pieces?
A: Playing it (chess) is absolutely forbidden
even without placing a bet. And there is no difference in this,
whether it is (played) with customary pieces or by computer.
(MMS, p. 27, Q51)
Q187: Some people play with gambling
instruments other than chess and backgammon for enjoyment and
without placing a bet.
A: [It is prohibited to play with all
that is considered a gambling instrument even without placing
a bet]. (FM, p. 436)
Q188: Some electronic games that appear
on TV with an apparatus called "Atari" and are played
with buttons for enjoyment, without placing a bet.
A: If the pictures that appear on the
screen are pictures of the instruments of gambling, then it is
not permissible to play with them using the "Atari"
apparatus, otherwise, it is permissible. (FM, p. 436)
Q189: Wrestling and boxing matches
without placing a bet?
A: They are permissible if they do not
lead to substantial bodily harm. (FM, p. 434)