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Chapter 104

The Mutual Rights between the Imam and his Followers

 

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Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Jumhur from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from abu Hamza who has said the following. "I asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.), ‘What are the rights of the Imam over the people?" He replied, "Of his rights over them is that they must listen to him and obey him." I then asked, "What are their rights on him?" He replied, "Maintain among them equality and justice among the followers. When this prevails among the people then there would no fear as to who has taken this and that."

 

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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘ from Mansur ibn Yunus from abu Hamza from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) a similar hadith except that he has said, "this way, this way, this way and this way, meaning thereby front, back, right and left."

Muhammad ibn Yahya al-‘Attar from certain members of our people from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas‘ada ibn sadaqa from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Amir al-Mu’minin (a.s.) has said, ‘Do not be deceitful to your leaders, do not confuse your guides, do not be ignorant of your Imams and do not cut off the rope of your unity, least you will fail and be disgraced. On such foundation your affairs must be based and you must strictly live within such system. Had you been able to observe what those who lived before had observed and who had disregarded what you want to be accepted you would have acted fast, came out and listened. However, you can not observe what they had observed but the curtain will soon be removed.’"

 

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A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hammad and others from Hanan ibn Sadir al-Sayrafi who has said the following. "I heard abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) say, ‘The Holy Prophet (s.a) was given the news of his own death while he was in a good health and he did not suffer any pain." He said, "The trusted Spirit came to him." He said, "The Holy Prophet called for a prayer in congregation. He then ordered the Muhajir and Ansar (people from Makka and the people of Madina) to arm themselves. The people all came and the Holy Prophet climbed the platform, the pulpit and gave out the news of his own death and then said, "I warn of Allah the ruler after me over my followers for not being kind to the community of the Muslims. He must honor the elders among them and be kind to their weak, treat their scholars with dignity, must not harm to humiliate them. He must not allow them to suffer poverty that would turn them to disbelief, must not close his door to them to let their strong over run the weak ones. He must not use them in the (armed) campaigns for food that would banish the offspring of my followers. Then he said, (Certainly) I have delivered to you the message, gave you good advice so you must bear this testimony." Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) has said that this was the last words of the Messenger of Allah from the pulpit."

 

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Muhammad ibn ali and others have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from a man from Habib ibn abu Thabit who has said the following. "Honey and fig were brought to Amir al-Mu’minin (a.s.) from Hamadhan and al-Hulwan (places near Baghdad). He asked the his officers to call in the orphans. They were allowed to lick honey from the containers while he himself distributed them among the people. People asked, "Why should the orphans be allowed to lick the honey?" He said, "He said that the Imam is the father of the orphans. I just wanted to gave them a fatherly treat."

 

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A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Barqi and Ali ibn Ibrahim from his father all of them from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad al-Asbahani from Sulayman ibn dawud al-Manqari from Sufyan ibn ‘Uyayna from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "The Holy Prophet has said, ’Isma‘il have more authority over every believer than their own selves and after me Ali (a.s.) will such authority." He was asked, "What is the meaning of that?" He said, "These are the words of the Holy Prophet, ‘One who would pass away his debts and liabilities become my responsibility If one would live a legacy I will be the heir thereof. A man will have no authority over himself if would have no property and one will not authority over his dependents if would not provide their expenses. The Holy Prophet (s.a) and Amir al-Mu’minin (a.s.) and their successors have made it binding up on them. For this reason they have greater authority over them than their own selves. The general masses of the Jews accepted Islam only after these words of the Messenger of Allah. They found peace for themselves and for their dependents."

 

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A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Sabbah ibn Sayyaba from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "The Holy Prophet (s.a) has said, ‘Whoever of the believers or Muslims would die and on him there is a debt for not for unlawful or extravagant reasons it will be the responsibility of the Imam to pay it off otherwise, he has sinned. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, says, ‘Welfare funds (zakat) are only for the poor, the destitute,. . ." (9:60) Such person is a bankrupt and there is a share for him with the Imam.If he would withheld it he has sinned."

 

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Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih ibn al-Sindi from Ja‘far ibn Bashir from Hanan from his father from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. "The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Imamat (Leadership with Divine Authority) is not proper for one without the following qualities. Chastity that would keep him away from disobeying Allah, forbearance that would give him self control against anger good guardianship over his dependents like a kind hearted father towards his children." In another hadith it says, " . . . so that he would be to the followers like a loving father."

 

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Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mu‘awiya ibn Hakim from Muhammad ibn Muslim from a man from Tabaristan called Muhammad Qal. Mu‘awiya has said that he met this man from Tabaristan who has said the following. "I heard Ali ibn Musa (a.s.) say, "A bankrupt who would lend or borrow –uncertainty is from Mu‘awiya- will given one years time to pay. If he still could not pay, the Imam it off from public treasury."

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