Chapter 115

The Birth of al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.)

Al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.) was born in the month of Ramadan in the year that the battle of Badr took place, the second year after Hijra (AH) (migration of the Holy Prophet (s.a) from Makka to Madina). It is also narrated that he was born in the third year. He passed away in the end of the month of Safar in the year forty nine AH. He lived for forty seven years and a few months. His mother was Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah.


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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Ishaq from Ali ibn Mahziyar from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abdallah ibn Sinan from the one who heard from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who said, "When al-Hassan was about to die he wept. "He was asked, "O son of the Messenger of Allah, why would you weep, when you have such a position with the Messenger of Allah such as you have? And all the (good things) said about you. You have performed Hajj twenty times on foot and distributed all of your belongings among the needy three times exactly." He replied, "I weep for two reasons, It is the fear of resurrection and separation from the loved ones."


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Sa‘d ibn ‘Abdallah and ‘Abdallah ibn Ja‘far have narrated from Ibrahim ibn Mahziyar from his brother. Ali (ibn Mahziyar) from al-Hassan ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu basir from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.) passed away at the age of forty seven up to the year fifty (AH). He lived forty years after the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a)."


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A number of our people has narrated has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Ni‘man from Sayf ibn ‘Amira from abu Bakr al-Hadrami has said that Jumhu‘ada daughter of ’Ash‘th ibn Qays al-Kidi poisoned al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.) and a female servant of the Imam (a.s.). The female servant, however, vomited the poison but in the case of al-Hassan (a.s.) the poison remained his digestive system and caused swelling that killed him."


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Muhammad ibn Yahya and Ahmad ibn Muhammad have narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from al-Qasim al-Nahdi from ’Isma‘il ibn Mihran from al-Kunasi from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Once al-Hassan (a.s.) went out side the town with a man from the children of al-Zubayr who believed al-Hassan to be the Imam. They stopped for rest on one of the oasis under a palm tree that had dried up because of lack of water. A furnishing was spread for Imam al-Hassan (a.s.) under that tree and for al-Zubayri the furnishings were arranged under a tree just next to it. The narrator has said that al-Zubayri looked up the tree and said, "It had fruits so we could eat from them." Al-Hassan (a.s.) asked, "Do you wish to have dates?" He said, "Yes, I do wish to have dates." He (al-Hassan (a.s.) raised his hands to the sky and spoke certain words that I did not understand. The tree turned green then it returned to its normal condition and its leaves grew and it became loaded with dates. The man from they had hired camels begun to say, "It by Allah, is magic." Al-Hassan (a.s.) said, woe is you. It is not magic but it is a prayer of the son of a prophet that is answered." They climbed the tree and picked the dates that were there and it provided enough for their needs."


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Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn Yahya have narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from ya‘qub ibn Yazid from ibn abu ‘Umayr from his people from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Al-Hassan (a.s.) has said, ‘Allah has two cities. One is in the east and the other is in the west. They have a boundary around them that is made of iron and each one has a million doors. Seven thousand different languages exist therein and know all those languages and all that is therein. There is no one who would possess Leadership with Divine Authority except me and my brother, al-Husayn (a.s.).’


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Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Ni‘man from Sandal from abu ’Usama from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "One year al-Hassan ibn Ali left for Makka on foot. On the journey his feet swell and his servants said, "If you would ride the swelling will go away." He said, "I will not do so up to the coming place for rest where you will a black person who has oil with him buy from oil without trying to reduce the price." The servant said, "May Allah take my soul and the souls of my parents in service for your cause, we have never up to a place of rest where anyone would sell such medicine." The Imam (a.s.) said to him, "Yes, there are such people right in front of you before reaching the place for rest." They walked for a mile and they met the black person. Al-Hassan (a.s.) said to his servant, "There is the man. Take the oil from him and pay him." The blck man asked the servant, "For who do you want this oil?" He replied, "I want it for al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.)." He said, "Take me to him." They came to the al-Hassan (a.s.) and the man said, May Allah take my soul and the souls of my parents in service for your cause. I did not know that you need this. If you would like tohave it you have it free of charges. I am only one your servants. Just pray for to Allah to grant me a healthy son who would love you, Ahl al-Bayt. When I left, my wife was about to give birth." The Imam (a.s.) said, "Go to your place. Allah has gifted you with a healthy son who is of our Shi‘a (followers)."