Chapter 117

The Birth of Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.)

Ali ibn al-Husayn was born in the year thirty eight AH. He passed away in the year ninety five at the age of fifty seven. His mother was Slama daughter of Yazdjurd ibn Sharyar ibn Shiruwayh ibn kisra ‘A Perwiz. Yazdjurd was the last Persian king.


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al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan al-Hassani may grant him blessings and Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah all of them from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmar from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Abdallah al-Khuza’i from Nasr ibn Muzaham from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. "When the daughter of Yazdjurd was brought to before ‘Umar the girls of Madina would love to see her. When entered the Mosque it become all delightful and bright. When ‘Umar looked at her she covered her face and said in her own language, "’Uff, bay ruj ba’ da Hurmuz (May, the life of Hurmuz turn black)." ‘Umar asked, "Is she abusing me and he turned to her. Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) said, "That is not for you. Give her the chance to chose whoever of the Muslims she likes and then count as his share of the booty. He allowed her to choose and she came all the way to placed her hand on the head of al-Husayn (a.s.). Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) asked her, "What is your name?" She said, "It is Jahan Shah." Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) said, "In fact, it is Shahra Ba’nuwayh." He then said to al-Husayn (a.s.), "O abu ‘Abdallah, she will give birth to a son for you who will be the best of the inhabitants of earth. She gave birth to Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.). Ali ibn al-Husayn was called the son of the two best. The chosen from Arabs was the tribe of Hashim and from none Arab was Persains. It is narrated that abu al-Aswad al-Du’ili said about it. "A boy from Kisra and Hashim the most noble one on who sacred symbols are stitched for safety."


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A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn al-Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurara who has said the following. "I heard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say, ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) had a she camel. He had taken this camel twenty two times to Hajj (pilgrimage to Makka) and had not used the whip against not even once. The Imam (a.s.) has said that the camel came after he passed away and we were not aware but we noticed only when one of the servants or slaves came and said, "The she camel has went out all the way to the grave of Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) and sat on the grave. She rubs her neck against the grave and moans. I then asked them to quickly get to her before they would know about her or see her. The Imam (a.s.) has said, "She had never seen the grave before."


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Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim has narrated from his fatherfm Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtari from the persom he mentioned from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. " When my father, Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) passed away the she camel that belonged to him came from the pasture and placed her neck against his grave and role her body on the ground. I commanded to return her back to her pasture. My father would take her for the journey to Hajj and ‘Umra (pilgrimage to Makka) and had never used the whip against her."

Note: The last words of this hadith that read ‘Ibn Babu wayh’. The interpreters have assumed that it is the name of the well know narrator of hadith. These words indicate that the following hadith is recorded in the copy of this book that belonged to ibn Babuwayh and other’s copies do not have it. There is also the possibility of misprint. The difference of ‘Babu’ and ‘Banu’ is only a dot above or below without a change in the main body of the word. If the word is ‘Banu’ then it is part of the previous hadith and the whole phrase ‘Ibn Banu wayh’ would mean, "He was the son of the noble lady ‘Banu wayh, (daughter of the King of Persia),’ after all. There is not wonder why he was so kind to the she camel."


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al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Amir has narrated from Ahmad ibn Ishaq ibn Sa‘d from Su‘dan ibn Muslim from abu ‘Imara from a man from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "When it was the night wherein Ali ibnhy (a.s.) would pass away he asked his Muhammad (a.s.), his son, "Son bring me water for Wudu (cleaning for prayer). Muhammad has said, "I then brought water for him." He said, "I do not like this water. There is something dead in it." I then brought the water in the light and found a dead mouse in it. I then brought him other water. He said, "Son this is the night in which I am promise to be taken out of this world. He explained his recommendations about his she camel and that a stable be prepared for her and that she is fed properly and I personally did so. Very shortly there after she came out of the stable and reached the grave, placed her neck on it, rolled her bodyon the ground and her eyes had become full of tears. Muhammad ibn Ali (a.s.) was informed that the she camel had gone. He came to her and said, "Control your emotion and get up, may Allah grant you good fortune. She would not do so. The Imam (a.s.) has said, "When he would take the camel to Makka, he would hang the whip from the luggage and would not use it until he would return to Madina." The Imam (a.s.) has said, "Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) would come out in the dark night with a sack containing Darahim and Dananir ( units of money) and would go door to door, knock them and gave a certain amount to the person that would come. When Ali ibn al-Husayn died these people would see the person with money and then they realized that Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) must have been the distributor of money among them."


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Muhammad ibn Ahmad has narrated from his uncle, ‘Abdallah ibn al-Salt from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn bint al-Yahya’s who has said the following. "I hear abu al-Hassan (a.s.) say, ‘When Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) was about ‘Uthman pass away he passed out then he opened his eyes and recited chapters 48 and 56 from the Holy Quran and said, "All praise belongs to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to us and made us to inherit the earth passed out and chose from Paradise whatever we would like and thus, is the reward for those who work. Within the hour he passed away and did not say any thing."


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Sa‘d ibn ‘Abdallah and ‘Abdallah ibn Ja‘far al-Himyari have narrated from Ibrahim ibn Mahziyar from his brother, Ali ibn Mahziyar from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) passed away at the age of fifty seven in the year ninety five. He lived for thirty five years after al-Husayn (a.s.)."