Chapter 119

The Birth of abu ‘Abdallah Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (a.s.)

Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) was born in the year eighty three AH. He passed away in the month of Shawwal in the year one hundred forty eight at the age of sixty five. He was buried in al-Baqi‘ cemetery in Madina in the grave yard where his father and grandfather and al-Hassan ibn Ali were buried. His mother was ’Umm Farwa daughter of al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn abu Bakr and her mother was ’Asma’ daughter of ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Bakr.


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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abdallah ibn Ahmad from Ibrahim ibn al-Hassan who has said that Wahab ibn Hafs narrated to me from Ishaq ibn Jarir who has said the following. "Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) has said, ‘Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyib, al-Qasim ibn md ibn abu Bakr and abu al-Khalid al-Kabuli were of the trusted and reliable companions of Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.)." The Imam (a.s.) has said, "My mother was a true beliver, pious and a person of good deeds. Allah loves the people of ggod deeds." He has said, "My mother has said that my father said, "O ’Umm Farwa, I pray to Allah to forgive the sins of the sinners of our Shi‘a (followers) a thousand times a day because we exercise patience knowing well the facts of reward but they exercise patience in that of which they have no knowledge."


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Certain persons of our people have narrated from ibn Jumhur from his father from Sulayman ibn Sama‘a from ‘Abdallah ibn al-Qasim from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following. "Once abu Ja‘far al-Mansur ordered his governor of Makka and Madina, al-Hassan ibn al-Zayd, to set fire to the house of Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (a.s.) to burn him to death. The house of abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) was set on fire and it burned the door and the corridor. Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) came out walking in the fire and stepping on it and would say, ‘I am the son of ’A‘raq al-Thara (’Isma‘il), I am the son of Ibrahim, (Abraham) the beloved friend of Allah."


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Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Barqi from his father from those he mentioned from Rufayd, slve of Yazid ibn ‘Amr ibn Hubayra who has said the following. ":Once Hubayra became angery with me and swore to kill me. I ran away from him in fear and sought refuge with abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.). I informed him of my story and he said, "Go back and convey my greetings to him and say to him, on my behalf, "I haven given refuge and protection against you to your slave, Rufayd. Do not harm him with your anger." I said to him, May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, he is a Shami, (from Damascus) and his filthy opinions." He said, "Go to him and say what I have told you to say." I them returned back and on the way in the wilderness I met an Arab man who asked me, "Where are you going? I see the face of man to be killed." He then said, "show me your hand." I showed him my hand. He said, "The hand of a person to be murdered." He then said, "Show me you foot." I showed him my foot. He said, "The foot of a person to be murdered." He then said, "show me your tongue." I showed him my tongue. He said, "Go on. Nothing will happen to you. On your tongue there is a message that if you would take to the tall mountains they will obey you." The narrator has said, "I then went on until I was at the door of ibn Hubayra and I asked permission to see him and then I went in his presence." He said, "The traitor has come on his one legs. "O slave, get the leather rope and the sword." He shouted. He ordered to tie up my hands and head. The sword man stood over my head to cut off my head. I said, "O commander, you have not capture me just like that. I came to you from a living person. There is a certain matter that I want to mention to you thereafter it would be up to you to do whatever you may chose." He said, "Say it." I said, "First, you must allow me to speak to you in private." He ordered everyone go out of the room and they went out. I said, "Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (a.s.) asked me to convey his greetings to you. He also said, "I have given protection against to your slave, Rufayd. Do not harm him with your words." He thensai, "I swear you to Allah, did Ja‘far (ibn Muhammad), really say these words and conveyed greetings to me?" I then swore before him and he asked Allah to grant Ja‘far ibn Muhammad peace. He did so three times. Then he opened my hands and then said, "This does not convince me until you do to me what I just did to you." I said, "My hands will not move for such things and my conscience will not accept it." He said, "By Allah, my conscience will not agree unless you do what I asked." I then did what he done to me and then released him. He then gave me his own seal and said, "All of my affairs will be in your hands to manage as you would like."


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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from al-Khaybari from Yunus ibn Zabyan and al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar and abu Salama al-Sarraj and al-Husayn ibn Thuwayr ibn abu Fakhita who have said the following. "Once we were in the presence of abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) and he said, "We have the key to the treassures of the earth. If I would say to one of my foot to say to the earth, ‘Let out whatever all the gold that is there in you, it will do so." The narrator has said that he then said to one of his feet and made aline withit on earth, the earth rapped open then said to his hand that took out a brick of gold that was of the size of a hand." He then said, "Watch carefully." We then looked again and saw many such pieces of gold one over the other shining. A certain one of us said, May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, "You have been granted whatever there is but your Shi‘a are needy." The narrator has said that the Imam (a.s.) then said, "Allah will soon grant us and our Shi‘a the bounties of both this and the next life. He will admit them in Paradise and its blessings. There will be hell for our enemies."


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Al-Husayn ibn me has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from certain persons of his people from abu Basir who has said the following. "I had a neighbor who followed the Sultan and he gains certain properties. He would arrange parties and invite female singers. They would drink wine and would disturb me. I complained to the man several times but he would not pay any attention. When I insisted he said, "O man, "I am an addicted man and you are sober. I wish you take me to your master and hope Allah will save me through him. His words impressed me a great deal. When I went to see abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) and mentioned the condition of the man to him. The Imam (a.s.) said, "When you will go back to Kufa he may come to you, say to him, "Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (a.s.) said to you, "Stay away from what are involved in I guarantee that Allah will admit you in Paradise." When returned to Kufa he came to me. I kept him with me until just two of us were let alone. I then said to him, "O man, I mentioned you to abu ‘Abdallah, Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (a.s.) and he said to me, "When you will return to al-Kufa, the man will soon come to you. Say to him, ‘Ja‘far ibn Muhammad said to you, "Stay away from what you are involved in and I will guarantee that Allah will admit you in Paradise.’" The narrator has said that the man then wept and said to me, "I swear you to Allah, did abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) really say this to you?" The narrator has said that swore before him that abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) did really said so." He said, "This is enough for you and he left. After few days he called me while he was behind his house naked and said to me, "O abu Basir, by Allah, there is nothing left in my house. I gave all of them away and I am left as you see". The narrator has said, "I then went to our people and collected for him to clothe him. Shortly afterwards he sent someone to me that he was ill and that I must see him. Thereafter I would come and go to him and provide him treatment until he was about to die. I was sitting near to him and was experiencing the agony of dieath. He fainted and then regained conscience and said to me, "O abu Basir, your master has fulfilled his promise to me." He then passed away. May Allah grant him blessings. When I went for Hajj I went to see abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) and asked permission for a meeting. As I was about to enter to his presence, one step in the corridor and one inside, the Imam (a.s.) before I would say anything, said from the inside, "O abu Basir, we fulfilled our promise to your friend."


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Abu Ali al-Ash‘ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad ibn al-’Ash‘ath who said to me following. "Do you know the reason that we came in this matter (became Shi‘a) and recognized it even though there was no mention of it among us and we had no knowledge of what other people (Shi‘a) had?" The narrator has said that I asked him, "What then is the reason for it?" He said, "Abu Ja‘far, abu Dawaniq once said to abu Muhammad ibn al-‘Ash‘ath, ‘O Muhammad, I want a person of reason who has said the following. can represent me." My father said, "I have found one for you. He is so and so ibn Muhajir, my maternal uncle." He said, "bring him to me." He has said that he brought him to abu Dawaniq. Abu Ja‘far, abu Dawaniq said, "O son of Muhajir, take this property to Madina and gave it to ‘Abdallah ibn al-Hassan ibn al-Hassan and a number of the people of his family among who is Ja‘far ibn Muhammad and say to them, "I am from Khrasan and an stranger in this area. One of your Shi‘a (followers) from Khurasan gave me this property to deliver to you. Then gave to each of them from the property with such and such conditions. When they take the property than ask them for a receipt our people has narrated who for the amount and kind of the property you have received." He then took the property and went to Madina and came back to abu Dawaniq when Muhammad ibn al-’Ash‘th was also present. Abu Daqwaniq asked, "What did you leave behind?" He said, "I met the people and this is the receipt in their hand writings for what they received accept Ja‘far ibn Muhammad. I went to see him when he was praying in the Mosque of the Messenger of Allah. I sat behind him t wait until he would finish and then I would give him the message as I had done with the others. He hurried up and finished and then turned to me and said, "O you, have fear of Allah and do not deceive Ahl al-Bayt (family members) of Muhammad (s.a). They have just experienced the government of the sons of Marwan and they all are needy." I then asked, "What are you talking about, may Allah grand you well beeing?" He said, "Then he brought his head closer to me and told me about all that had passed between me and you as if he has the third person with us." He has said that abu Ja‘far, al-Dawaniq said, "O ibn Muhajir take notice and pay attention that there has never been the family of a prophet without a Muhaddath (a person to whom angels would speak) among them. Today the Muhaddath among us is Ja‘far ibn Muhammad." This was the reason for our receiving guidance and acceptance of this matter and faith."


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Sa‘d ibn ‘Abdallah and ‘Abdallah ibn Ja‘far all have narrated from Ibrahim ibn Mahziyar from his brother Ali Mahziyar from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following. "Abu ‘Abdallah, Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (a.s.) passed away at the age of fifty bsix in the year one hundred forty eight AH. He lived after abu Ja‘far (a.s.), his father for forty three years."

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Sa‘d ibn ‘Abdallah has narrated from abu Ja‘far ibn ‘Umar ibn Sa‘id from Yunus ibn ya‘qub from abu al-Hassan, the first (a.s.) who has said the following. "I shrouded my father with two pieces of winter clothes that he had used as the clothe for Ihram (special clothes used during performing Hajj). Also a shirt of his shirts and the ‘Amama (turban) that belonged to Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) and a gown that he had bought for forty Dinars were used."