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Chapter 49

Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, did not teach anything to His Messenger but that He commanded him to teach such knowledge to Amir al-Mu’minin (a.s.) and he was his partner in Knowledge

H 684, Ch. 49, h 1

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhayna from ‘Abdallah ibn Sulayman from Humran ibn A‘yan from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Once Jibril came to the Messenger of Allah and brought him two pieces of pomegranates. The Messenger of Allah ate one of them and broke the other one into two pieces. He then ate one half and fed the other half to Ali (a.s.). The Messenger of Allah said, "O my brother, do you know what those pieces of pomegranates were?" He said, "No, I do not know." He then said, "The first one was prophet-hood. There is no share in it for you. The other one is knowledge in which you’re my partner." I then said, "May Allah keep you well, how was that?" He would be his partner in it?" He said, "Allah did not teach any knowledge but that He commanded him to teach it to Ali (a.s.)."

H 685, Ch. 49, h 2

Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following.

"Once Jibril brought from Paradise two pieces of pomegranate to the Messenger of Allah and brought him two pieces of pomegranates. The Messenger of Allah ate one of them and broke the other one into two pieces. He then ate one half and gave the other half to Ali (a.s.) who also ate it (a.s.). The Messenger of Allah said, "The first one that I ate was prophet-hood. There is no share in it for you. The other one is knowledge in which you are my partner."

H 686, Ch. 49, h 3

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from Mansur ibn Yunus from ibn ’Udhaynah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said that he heard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say the following. "Once Jibril descended to Muhammad (s.a) (and) brought two pieces of pomegranate from Paradise. Ali (a.s.) meet him and asked, "What (kind of ) pomegranate are those in your hands?" He replied, "As to this one, it is the Prophet-hood in which there is no share for you. As to this one, it is knowledge. Then the Messenger of Allah broke it into two halves. He then gave one half and the Messenger of Allah kept the other half and then said, "You are my partner in it and I am your partner in it." The Imam (a.s.) then said, "I swear by Allah that there was nothing of all the knowledge that was taught to the Messenger of Allah but that he taught them to Ali (a.s.) and thereafter knowledge was transferred to us. He then placed his hand over his chest."

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