Index

Chapter 67

Tacit and Explicit Testimony as proof of al-Husayn ibn Ali’s (a.s.) (a.s.) Divine Authority over the people after al-Hassan (a.s.)

H 780, Ch. 67, h 1

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Bakr ibn Salih (alKulayni has said) and a number of our people from ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Daylami from Harun ibn al-Jahm from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said that he heard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say the following. "When al-Hassan (a.s.) ibn Ali (a.s.) was about to leave this world he said to al-Husayn (a.s.), "O my brother, I want to entrust you with my directive will (please) safeguard and preserve it. When I will die prepare and help me towards (the Shrine of) the Messenger of Allah so I can renew my covenant with him then help me towards my mother (a.s.). Thereafter return me back for burial in Baqi‘ graveyard. You must know that ‘A’isha will create problems for me. Allah and the people know her deeds and her hostile attitude towards Allah and His Messenger and her animosity towards us Ahl al-Bayt (family) of the Holy Prophet. When al-Hassan (a.s.) passed away his body was placed on the stretcher and then the procession was lead to the place where the Holy Prophet prayed for the dead for burial. Al-Husayn (a.s.) performed the prayer therein and then the body was taken to the Mosque. When (the procession) paused on the grave of the Messenger of Allah Dhul ‘Aynayn (spy) went to ‘A’isha and told her, "They have brought al-Hassan’s body to bury with the Holy Prophet." She them came out quickly on the mule with saddle. She was the first woman in the Muslim community to ride on the saddle. She then said, "Take your son away from my house. He will not be buried in my house to disregard the privacy of the Messenger of Allah. Al-Husayn (a.s.) said to her, "A long time ago you and your father had disregarded the privacy of the Messenger of Allah. You brought to his house those whose nearness he did not love. Allah will held you responsible for this O ‘A’isha."

H 781, Ch. 67, h 2

Muhammad ibn al-Hasan and Ali ibn Muhammad have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Daylami from one of our people from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. (a.s.), "When al-Hassan ibn Ali (a.s.) was about to leave this world he said, "O Qanbar, see if you there is any believer (in Islam) other than the members of the family of Muhammad (s.a.) behind the door." He (Qanbar) said Allah, His Messenger and the grand son of His Messenger know better than I do." The Imam (a.s.) said, "Call to me Muhammad ibn Ali. I (Qanbar) then went to him and when I was in his presence he said, "I hope nothing but good has happened." I said, "Answer the call of abu Muhammad. He quickly wore his shoes and did not even wear it properly. He came out with me running. When he arrived in the presence of al-Hassan (a.s.) he offered his greeting. Al-Hassan (a.s.) said to him, "Please, sit down. A person like you must not remain absent from hearing the words that can bring the dead to life and cause death to the living. You must be the container of knowledge and the beacon of guidance. Some of the lights of the day are brighter than others.

Have you come to know that Allah made the sons of Abraham the Imams (‘A’imma) and granted to some of them more excellence than the others. He gave psalms to David and you know what kind of preference He granted to Muhammad (s.a.). O Muhammad ibn Ali, I fear for you of envy. Allah has said it to be of the characteristics of the unbelievers. Thus, Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has said, ". . . out of envy, turn you back to disbelief, even after the Truth has become evident to them. . ." (2:109). Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has not given your control in the hands of Satan, O Muhammad ibn Ali. May I relate to you what I heard your father say about you?" He said, "Yes, I like to hear it." The Imam (a.s.) said, "I heard your father say on the day of Basra, "Whoever likes to do good to me in this and the next life he should do good to my son, Muhammad. O Muhammad ibn Ali if you would like I can inform you of the time you were only a potential person in the back of your father I can do so. O Muhammad ibn Ali, have you come to know that al-Husayn ibn Ali (a.s.) after I will die and my spirit depart my body will be the Imam (Leader with Divine Authority) afret me before Allah, Most great Whose name is, in the Book as the inheritance from the Holy Prophet. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has added it to the inheritance from his father and mother. You are the choosen ones from His creatures. He selected Muhammad from among you and Muhammad (s.a.) selected Ali and Ali (a.s.) selected me for Imamat (Leadership with Divine Authority). I have choosen al-Husayn (a.s.) as the Imam (Leader with Divine Authority) after me." Muhammad ibn Ali then said, " You are the my Imam (Leader with Divine Authority) and you are my connectio to Muhammad (s.a.). I swear by Allah, I wish I was dead before hearing these words from you. Certainly there is a great deal of facts in my head (about your excellence and virtues) that even with buckets can not be drained and by the songs of the winds can not be changee. It is like an encyclopedia with decorated pages. I ready myself to speak them out but I find others have preceded me like the preceding of a heavenly book or what the messengers have have brought. It is a book that exhausts the speaking tongue and the writing hand. I do not find enough pens to complete writing and it can turn all papers to ashes. Thus, there is no reach to your excellence and virtues. This is how Allah rewards those who do good and there is no power without Allah. Al-Husayn (a.s.) is the most knowledgeable among us and his forebearance is the greatest among us in gravity. He is the closest to the Messenger of Allah among us in his relationship. He was a Faqih before he was created. He has read the messages of the Divine revelation before he would speak. Had Allah known any good in anyone He would not have choosen Muhammad (s.a.). Since Allah has choosen Muhammad (s.a.) and Muhammad (s.a.) choose Ali (a.s.) and Ali choose you as the Imam (Leader with Divine Authority ) and have choosen al-Husayn (a.s.) we accept and agree. Who is he that accept a person other than him (al-Husayn (a.s.)) Who is he that would seek assistance in his difficulties from a person other than him (al-Husayn (a.s.) )?"

H 782, Ch. 67, h 3

Through the same chain of narrators it is narrated from Sahl from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from Harun ibn al-Jahm from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said that he heard abu Ja‘far (a.s.) say the following. "When al-Hassan (a.s.) ibn Ali (a.s.) was about to leave this world he said to al-Husayn (a.s.), "O my brother, I want to entrust you with my directive will (please) safeguard and preserve it. When I will die prepare and help me towards (the Shrine of) the Messenger of Allah so I can renew my covenant with him then help me towards my mother (a.s.). Thereafter return me back for burial in Baqi‘ graveyard. You must know that al-Humayra will create problems for me. The people know her deeds and her hostile attitude towards Allah and His Messenger and her animosity towards us Ahl al-Bayt (family) of the Holy Prophet. When al-Hassan (a.s.) passed away his body was placed on the stretcher and then the procession was lead to the place where the Holy Prophet prayed for the dead for burial. Al-Husayn (a.s.) performed the prayer therein and then the body was taken to the Mosque. When (the procession) paused on the grave of the Messenger of Allah new reached ‘A’isha and she was told, "They have brought al-Hassan’s body to bury with the Holy Prophet." She them came out quickly on the mule with saddle. She was the first woman in the Muslim community to ride on the saddle. She stood and then said, "Take your son away from my house. Nothing will be buried in my house and the privacy of the Messenger of Allah. Al-Husayn (a.s.) said to her, "A long time ago you and your father had disregarded the privacy of the Messenger of Allah. You brought to his house those whose nearness he did not love. Allah will hold you responsible for this O ‘A’isha. My brother commanded me to place him near his grandfather the Messenger of Allah so can renew his covenant with him. You, O ‘A’isha, must know that my brother is the most knowledgeable person. He is by far the most knowledgeable one in interpreting the book of Allah than to cause disregard the privacy of the Messenger of Allah. Allah says, ". . . do not enter the houses of the Prophet for a meal without permission.. . ." (33:53) but you have admitted into the house of the the Messenger of Allah men without his permission. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has said, ". . . do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet,. . ." (49:2). It is you have consrtucted a barking place for your father and his Faruq (discerning) near the ear of the Messenger of Allah. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has said, "The hearts of those who lower their voices in the presence of the Messenger of God are tested by God through piety. . ." (49:3) By my life that your father and his Faruq have brough trouble forthe the Messenger of Allah due to coming so close. The two of them did not maintain the respect for the Messenger of Allah that He had commanded them through the words of the Messenger of Allah to do so. What Allah has made unlawful about a believer who is dead He has also made unlawful about a living believer. I swear by Allah, "O ‘A’isha, if the burial that you dislike to take place near the Messenger of Allah would have been permissible in or view and from Allah, you would have learned about it to have taken place despite your opposition."

The narrator has said that Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya then spoke and said, "O ‘A’isha, one day you ride a mule and the other day rode a camel. You do not control yourself. You can not own the earth for your animosity against banu Hashim" The narrator has said that she then turned to him and said, "O ibn al-Hanafiya, these are the sons of Fatima who speak. What for do you speak?" al-Husayn (a.s.) then said to her, "To what direction do you want to distance Muhammad from the sons of Fatima (a.s.). I swear by Allah that he has three Fatima in his lineage from the mothers side. 1. Fatima daughter of ‘Imran ibn ‘A’idh ibn ‘Amr ibn Makhdhum (b) fatima daughter of Asad ibn Hashim (c) Fatima daughter of Za’ida ibn al-Asamm ibn Rawaha ibn Hijr ibn ‘Ad Mu‘is ibn ‘Amir." The narrator has said that she then said, "Move your son and take him away. You are a quarrelsome people." The narrator has said that the al-Husayn (a.s.) went tothe grave of his mother and then took the body of al-Hassan (a.s.) out (of the shrine of the Messenger of Allah) and buried him in al-Baqi‘."

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