Chapter 69

Tacit and Explicit Testimony as proof of abu Ja‘far’s (a.s.) Divine Authority over the people after Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.)

H 787, Ch. 69, h 1

Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from abu al-Qasim al-Kufi from Muhammad ibn Sahl from Ibrahim ibn abu al-Bilad from Isma’il ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah ibn Ali ibn al-Husayn from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. "When Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) was about to leave this world he took out a basket or a box that was with him. He then said, "O Muhammad take this box. " The narrator has said that then he (Muhammad) took the box with four people. When The Imam (a.s.) died his sons came asking for the box and said, "Give us our share from the box." He (Muhammad) then said to them, "By Allah, there is nothing for you in it. Had there been anything for you he would not have given it to me." In the box there were the Armament of the Messenger of Allah and his books."

H 788, Ch. 69, h 2

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Imran ibn Musa from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah from ‘Isa ibn ‘Abdallah from his father that his grandfather who has said the following. "Ali ibn al-Husayn looked at his sons when he was about to leave this world and they had all gathered around him. He then looked at his son, Muhammad ibn Ali and said, "O Muhammad, take this box to your house." He said, "It was not full of Dirhams and Dinars (valuable properties), it, however, was full of knowledge."

H 789, Ch. 69, h 3

Muhammad ibn al-Hasan has narrated from Sahl from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Fadala ibn Ayyub from al-Husayn ibn abu al-‘ala’ who has said that he heard abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) say the following.

"’Umar ibn ‘ad al-‘Aziz wrote ibn Hazm to send him the endowment documents of Ali, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. Inb Hazm sent a person to Zayd ibn al-Hassan (a.s.) who was the eldest among them and asked him about the documents. Zayd said, "The high authority after Ali was al-Hassan and after him al-Husayn and Ali ibn al-Husayn was after al-Husayn and after Ali ibn al-Husayn Muhammad ibn Ali was the high authority. Send to him. Ibn Hazm then sent to my father and my father sent me with document to him and I went and delivered it to ibn Hazm."

The narrator has said that some of our people asked The Imam (a.s.), "did the sons of al-Hassan (a.s.) know this." The Imam (a.s.) said, "They knew it just as they know that this is night but envy influences them. Had they sought truth with truth it would have been better for them but they seek the worldly things.

* Abu Baker ibn Muhammad ibn 'Amr ibn Hazm al-Ansari (37/657 -120/738), the judge of Madina from 87/706 appointed by ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdi al-‘Aziz when he was governor of Madina. When ‘Umar became the Caliph he also appointed ibn Hazm governor of Madina. (al-Tabari, vol.2, pp.ll91, 1255, 1305, 1346, 1372 - 1375, 1437, 1452; vol.3, p.2460; ibn al-Athir, vol.5, pp.55,67; Tahdhib al-Takdhib, vol.l2, pp.38 -40.

Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from ‘Abd al-Karim ibn ‘Amr from ibn abu Ya‘fur who has said that he heard abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) say the following. " ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz wrote ibn Hazm. He then have narrated a hadith similar to the above one except that he has said, "Ibn Hazm sent to Zayd ibn al-Hassan who was older than my father."

A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ a similar hadith.