The Various Recitations of the Holy Qur'an
A few words should he said about the recitations "Qira'aat". It is
generally known that there are seven or ten different recitations
of the Qur'an. By the word "recitation" is meant the various
wordings which convey the same or allied meanings ("Maalik"
and "Malik") For example "Yatta'harna" and "Yat'harna". It is
generally believed that the recitation of the seven or of the ten
reciters of the first, second and third centuries of Islam are
and Muslims are allowed to adopt either of these in reciting the
Qur'an. It is generally believed that the origin of these various
recitations goes back to the time of the Holy Prophet who
approved these varieties but, according to the Shia Ithna-Ashari
School, whose views are based on the teachings of the Holy
Imams, the revealed recitation of the Qur'an can he only one
since, as the Imam put it, "The Qur'an is One, came down as
One, the variation in the recitation comes from the reciters, not
from God" It is a misrepresentation of the fact by the ruling
party for propaganda purposes that the Holy Prophet followed the
recitation of Zaid ibne Thabit during the close of his ministry.
But, as stated by Mustafa Sadiqe-Rufaa'yee in his book EjaazuI
Qur'an, the Holy Prophet does not follow anything but the divine
recitation 75:16-19. Zaid ibne Thabit and the ruling party who
already failed to produce a collection of their own had no
alternative but to adopt an approved collection of the Holy
Prophet and his recitation; anything else would have been
rejected by the Muslim world.
Shia Qurra (Reciters):
1 Hamzatubna Habeeb
3 Abdullah ibne Aamir Yasabi, who acquired knowledge
from Waasila Adqu' (a companion of the Holy Prophet) d.
4 Abi ibne Hamza-e-Kas'ayi, who acquired knowledge from
Hamza b. Habeeb, and Ibne Abi laila, who had learnt
from Ameerul Momineen Ali ibne Abi Taleb
5 Khalaf ibne Hashanul Bazzar, a student of Hamzatibna
6 Yakoob ibne Is'haaq Qazrami, who learnt from Ameerul
Momineen Ali ibne Abi Taleb
7 Yazeed ibne Qeeqaa' Makhzoomi, from Abdullah ibne
Abbas, who learnt from Ameerul Momineen Ali ibne Abi Taleb.